Hashish or Hash

July 1, 2019

Hashish or Hash, also spelled hasheesh, is derived from the resin secreted by the flowering tops of the cultivated female plants of the genus Cannabis. In its simplest form, hashish is made by collecting the resinous heads of trichomes from cannabis plants. Trichomes contain the essential cannabinoids, THC and CBD, as well as other potent smelling terpenes. The cannabis resins can be made into many forms, eventually to be smoked, eaten, or drunken. The earliest recorded versions of hashish are noted for maintaining a hard, brick-like shape, resulting from intensive elements of pressure and heat. Cannabis cultivation and the making of hashish, has been a significant part of numerous cultures’ ancient histories, where it is widely used in religious ceremonies, as hallucinogenics, narcotics or intoxicants. The unofficial reports of hashish consumption date back for many centuries. A widely known fact is that North India has held a long social tradition in the production of hashish. In India, it is known as charas or hharas, which is believed to be the same plant resin as was burned in the ceremonial booz rooz of Ancient Persia. Possibly, the earliest mention of cannabis has been found in The Vedas, the sacred Hindu texts. The Vedas may have been written and compiled as early as 2000 to 1400 B.C. In these ancient texts, cannabis was one of the five sacred plants and a guardian angel lived in its leaves. Other early mentions of the term hashish appeared in a pamphlet in Cairo in 1123 CE, accusing Nizari Muslims of being “hashish-eaters,” resulting in the prohibition of the use of hashish. Smoking did not become common in those regions until after the introduction of tobacco after the 1500s, so hashish was typically consumed as an edible.

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